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A Hit & Run or a Blind case is an accident that arises out of the use of a motor vehicle where the identity of the person and vehicle responsible for the accident could not be determined.
This is because such a driver immediately leaves the scene of the accident without being seen by any witness or being questioned by the Police in order to avoid any punishment.
Section 163 empowers the Central Government to make a scheme for the payment of compensation in hit-and-run cases detailing-
- the procedure for making claim,
- the authorities to whom the claim should be made,
- the manner in which the scheme shall be administered by the General Insurance Corporation,
- the prescribed form,
- the manner and time within which the applications for compensation may be made and the procedure to be followed in the administration of the scheme, and
- the payment of compensation.
There is a separate application process for compensation claims under the Solatium Scheme
Note: In a hit-and-run incident where the responsible person is caught, an application can only then be filed under the Motor Accident Claims Tribunal (MACT).
Filing of the FIR and several key documents (like Post Mortem Report and/or Disability Certificate) are required even in a hit-and-run accident.
Types of Compensation Payable: Such a payment is made through the Solatium Fund, in terms of Section 161 of the Motor Vehicles Act.